Merging White Dwarfs


Astronomy research
  Software Infrastructure:
     My instruments
  White dwarf supernova:
     Remnant metallicities
     Colliding white dwarfs
     Merging white dwarfs
     Ignition conditions
     Metallicity effects
     Central density effects
     Detonation density effects
     Tracer particle burning
     Subsonic burning fronts
     Supersonic burning fronts
     W7 profiles
  Massive star supernova:
     Rotating progenitors
     3D evolution
     26Al & 60Fe
     44Ti, 60Co & 56Ni
     Yields of radionuclides
     Effects of 12C +12C
     SN 1987A light curve
     Constraints on Ni/Fe ratios
     An r-process
     Compact object IMF
     Neutrino HR diagram
     Pulsating white dwarfs
     Pop III with JWST
     Monte Carlo massive stars
     Neutrinos from pre-SN
     Pre-SN variations
     Monte Carlo white dwarfs
     SAGB stars
     Classical novae
     He shell convection
     Presolar grains
     He burn on neutron stars
     BBFH at 40 years
  Chemical Evolution:
     Iron Pseudocarbynes
     Radionuclides in the 2020s
     Hypatia catalog
     Zone models H to Zn
     Mixing ejecta
     γ-rays within 100 Mpc
  Thermodynamics & Networks
     Stellar EOS
     12C(α,γ)16O Rate
     Proton-rich NSE
     Reaction networks
     Bayesian reaction rates
  Verification Problems:
     Validating an astro code
Software instruments
cococubed YouTube
Bicycle adventures
Public Outreach
Education materials

AAS Journals
AAS YouTube
2020 Celebration of Margaret Burbidge
2020 Digital Infrastructure
2021 MESA Marketplace
2021 MESA Summer School
2021 ASU Solar Systems
2021 ASU Energy in Everyday Life

Contact: F.X.Timmes
my one page vitae,
full vitae,
research statement, and
teaching statement.
Spectra of Type Ia Supernovae from Double Degenerate Mergers (mergers II, 2012)
In this article we combine population synthesis, merger, and explosion models with radiation-hydrodynamics light-curve models to study the implications of such a progenitor scenario on the observed Type Ia supernova population. Our standard model, assuming double-degenerate mergers do produce thermonuclear explosions, produces supernova light curves that are broader than the observed type Ia sample. In addition, we discuss how the shock breakout and spectral features of these double-degenerate progenitors will differ from the canonical bare Chandrasekhar-massed explosion models. We conclude with a discussion of how one might reconcile these differences with current observations.

assumed profile
x-ray luminosities

Remnants of Binary White Dwarf Mergers (mergers I, 2010)
In this article we carry out a comprehensive smooth particle hydrodynamics simulation survey of double-degenerate white dwarf binary mergers of varying mass combinations in order to establish correspondence between initial conditions and remnant configurations. We find that all but one of our simulation remnants share general properties such as a cold, degenerate core surrounded by a hot disk, while our least massive pair of stars forms only a hot disk. We also find that some of our simulations with massive white dwarfs exhibit helium detonations on the surface of the primary star before complete disruption of the secondary. However, these helium detonations are insufficiently energetic to ignite carbon, and so do not lead to prompt carbon detonations.

initial conditions matter
0.8 + 0.8 Msun evolution
0.8 + 0.8 Msun, final configuration
0.8 + 0.8 Msun, x-z plane slice
0.96 + 1.06 Msun, He detonation
0.64+1.06 Msun, He detonation